The regional scenarios document the possible impacts on emissions and air quality initiated by potential changes to policies on transportation, technology, fuel, and mobility systems during the upcoming decades. The intention of these scenarios is to show stakeholders that the implementation of sustainable policies plays a critical role in ensuring projected emissions do not become a reality (WEC, 2011).

The objective of this activity is to provide a source of information on current emissions projections and present scenarios for sustainable urban transport and climate change in Latin America and their potential impacts. These initially focus on Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.

1. Mexico Overview

The Government of Mexico recognizes that climate change is a major global environmental challenge, representing one of the greatest threats to the process of development and human welfare. They acknowledged that addressing climate change required the immediate development of mitigation strategies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, and adaptation. To this end, Mexico developed El Programa Especial de Cambio Climático (PECC) (Special Climate Change Program in English) which was published in 2009. Through the PECC, the Government of Mexico is demonstrating a framework to mitigate climate change and adapt without compromising the development process, or economic advancement. During the next few years the economic, social and environmental resilience of Mexico to climate change depends on the society initiatives and policies and programs to restore the integrity of the economic and ecological systems, redirecting development towards sustainability.

Mexico has a target of reducing GHG emissions by 50% by 2050, relative to those in 2000. The mitigation effort that Mexico has developed and continues to evolve requires a transformation of the current methods of production and consumption, energy use and natural resource management. The PECC has consolidated a development pattern in which economic growth does not impact significantly on increasing emissions of greenhouse gases. By inducing a decrease in carbon intensity, expressed as the ratio between emissions and gross domestic product, the PECC aims to give an initial boost to the “decarbonization” of the Mexican economy.

his section presents some current statistics regarding emissions and energy use in Mexico, particularly related to transport, and presents some emission reduction scenarios in order to show where Government efforts should be focused to address the trend of increasing emission.