Development of Policies, Strategies and Information to Reduce the Air Pollution in Honduras-Nicaragua

The CAI is helping the governments of Nicaragua and Honduras to develop local polices to reduce pollution and to develop strategies and tools for the decision making processes. Both countries face an increase in car ownership that indirectly can cause the deterioration of public transport due to a reduction in demand. Due to a lack of regulation of energy and environmental efficiency of vehicles in the region, the emissions rates vary considerably among the different vehicles.

In the case of Honduras, the CAI and the Mario Molina Center completed the study “Basic Elements and Recommendation for the Air Quality National Plan in 2009”. The Honduras Air Quality National Plan outlines the recommended priority measures to improve air quality, such as the integrated improvement of urban transport, the planning of an integrated approach to land use and transport, the cleaner and more competitive output production from industries, and the conservation and restoration of natural resources that have been affected by cities, as well as the proper use of sustainable energy.

Some recommendations presented in the Honduras Air Quality National Plan are also applicable for Nicaragua. In 2009, the CAI collaborated with the Mexican Association of Environmental Engineers to prepare the Nicaragua Air Quality National Plan (NAQP). Two of the measures adopted by the NAQP were the development of emission inventories, and the design and evaluation of measures to manage air quality in the main metropolitan areas of Nicaragua. In 2010, with support from the World Bank, the CAI collaborated with the Nicaragua Government in the development of an emissions inventory for Managua. The inventory has been used to inform the authorities about the emissions of local air of pollutants and to determine the control priorities.