The Clean Air Institute, new non-State Partner in the Climate Change and Clean Air Coalition
State Partners of the Climate Change and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC or the Coalition) unanimously approved the Clean Air Institute (CAI) as a non-State Partner. Mr. Achim Steiner, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), officially communicated this news to CAI. UNEP holds the Coalition’s Executive Secretariat at its office in Paris.
UNEP has acknowledged “the Clean Air Institute’s ongoing work to mainstream climate change and air quality into policy and regulation, specially in Latin American and the Caribbean.” CAI has endorsed the Framework for the Coalition and hereinafter will be fully engaged and actively participate in joint meaningful international efforts to reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs).
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants is a voluntary Partnership of governments, intergovernmental organizations, representatives of the private sector, the environmental community, and other members of civil society that have joined forces to address the challenge of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants. Current State Partners include Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Republic of Maldives, Republic of Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden, The United Kingdom, The United States of America and The European Commission
The Clean Air Institute looks forward a fruitful collaboration with partners of CCAC, aiming for local, regional and global benefits to protect health and environment while substantially addressing today’s climate change challenges. More information on the CCAC: http://www.unep.org/ccac/
What are short-lived climate pollutants?
Short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) are agents that have relatively short lifetime in the atmosphere - a few days to a few decades - and a warming influence on climate. The main short lived climate pollutants are black carbon, methane and tropospheric ozone, which are the most important contributors to the human enhancement of the global greenhouse effect after CO2. These short-lived climate pollutants are also dangerous air pollutants, with various detrimental impacts on human health, agriculture and ecosystems. Other short-lived climate pollutants include some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). While HFCs are currently present in small quantity in the atmosphere their contribution to climate forcing is projected to climb to as much as 19% of global CO2 emissions by 2050.
Actions and Cross Cutting Efforts in which the Clean Air Institute is involved through the CCAC:
Initiatives. At the first meeting of the CCAC High Level Assembly, on 24 April 2012 in Stockholm, an initial tranche of five initiatives was agreed upon for rapid implementation, as follows.
Reducing Black Carbon Emissions from Heavy Duty Diesel Vehicles and Engines. The Coalition will work to reduce the climate and health impacts of black carbon and particulate matter (PM) emissions in the transport sector.
Mitigating Black Carbon and Other Pollutants from Brick Production. This initiative will focus on addressing emissions of black carbon and other pollutants from brick production to reduce the harmful climate, air pollution, economic, and social impacts from this sector.
Mitigating SLCPs from the Municipal Solid Waste Sector. The Coalition will work to address methane, black carbon, and other air pollutants emissions across the municipal solid waste sector by working with cities and national governments.
Promoting HFC Alternative Technology and Standards. For this initiative, governments and the private sector will be targeted to address rapidly growing HFC emissions, which could account for as much as 19% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050 if left unchecked.
Accelerating Methane and Black Carbon Reductions from Oil and Natural Gas Production. The Coalition is seeking to work with key stakeholders to encourage cooperation and support the implementation of new and existing measures to substantially reduce methane emissions from natural gas venting, leakage, and flaring.
Cross-cutting efforts. The Coalition has also identified cross-cutting efforts to be undertaken in order to accelerate emissions reductions across all short-lived climate pollutants. To date these actions are:
Financing of SLCP mitigation. While multiple means of financing SLCP mitigation already exist they are not currently translating into high-enough levels of financial flows. In order to take advantage of all mitigation opportunities, the Coalition will seek to act as a catalyst of scaled-up SLCP mitigation financing and will work with governments, the private sector, donors, financial institutions, expert groups and investors’ networks to bolster these financial flows.
Promoting SLCP National Action Plans. Measures to mitigate SLCPs have been assessed at a global and regional level and now need to be incorporated into national policies and actions. The Coalition will develop a program to support National Action Plans for SLCPs, including national inventory development, building on existing air quality, climate change and development agreements, and assessment, prioritization, and demonstration of promising SLCP mitigation measures.